‘“She, out of her poverty, put in everything” Mark 12:44
The mortal remains of Lance Corporal Francis Ledwidge of the First Battalion, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers lie in Artillery Wood Cemetery in Flanders. Close by to the cemetery there is a memorial to the poet, a flagpole bearing the Irish tricolour stand beside it and the memorial plaque bears lines from Ledwidge’s poem ’Lament for Thomas McDonagh’. The beauty of the words have about them an additional poignancy when one realizes that Ledwidge, an Irishman serving in the British army is commemorating McDonagh, an Irishman executed by the British army after the events of Easter 1916.
Surviving until 31st July 1917, Francis Ledwidge was under no illusions about the reality of war, but was still convinced that the ordinary soldiers possessed a dignity that could not be taken away. He concludes his poem ‘Soliloquy’ with the lines:
It is too late now to retrieve
a fallen dream, too late to grieve
a name unmade, but not too late
to thank the gods for what is great:
a keen-edged sword, a soldier’s heart
is greater than a poet’s art.
and greater than a poet’s fame
a little grave that has no name.
Close to Ledwidge’s grave, there is the town of Ypres, where every night of the years there is a ceremony at the Menin Gate. At 8 pm, Last Post is sounded, followed by the reading of Laurence Binyon’s “Ode to the Fallen” and then the Silence before the sounding of Reveille. The Menin Gate is a stone arch over a street into the town upon which are engraved 54,896 names of those Commonwealth soldiers who fell in the battlefields around Ypres and who have no known grave. Fifty thousand names cover a lot of space.
Among the fallen of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers there is engraved the name of F. Ledwidge, except this is not Francis Ledwidge. He was in the Inniskilling Fusiliers and, although recorded as “blown to pieces” by the chaplain, there was enough of him found to give him a grave. This initial and surname is the commemoration of Frank Ledwidge, son of Frank and Ellen Ledwidge, of 134 Thomas Street, Dublin. A Private in the Second Battalion of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers he died on 24th May 1915, he was seventeen years old.
I wonder how often our remembrance recalls the Francises and forgets the Franks of the world.
It is important to remember individuals, all of them; it is important to remember names, because when we remember people and not numbers we retain a sense of human dignity and we retain a sense of the horror of war.
The Gospel reading this morning is a far remove from the Western Front, but at heart it is a story of the value that Jesus places upon an individual, it is about the worth of an individual woman who offers everything she had.
‘Watch out for the teachers of the law. They like to walk around in flowing robes and be greeted in the marketplaces, and have the most important seats in the synagogues and the places of honour at banquets.’ Jesus condemns those who dress impressively and expect to be acknowledged by all whom they meet, not because there is anything wrong in the way they dress or in being acknowledged, but because these things are the outward appearances of men who do not value the little people, the ordinary people. ‘They devour widows’ houses’, says Jesus, referring to the custom of the religious leaders of exploiting the poor.
Translating Jesus’ condemnation into terms appropriate for the remembrance of war, Jesus would condemn those of the General Staff who were obsessed with their own importance; those who expected acknowledgement wherever they went; those who had no regard for the plight of the ordinary man on the front line.
There was nothing wrong in a smart uniform with red tabs on the shoulders, there was nothing wrong with expecting to be saluted, the wrong arose where those things came to represent an attitude where there was no regard for human dignity or human worth.
Jesus watches the men of importance and power and he watches the poor widow. The poor widow gave all she had, but her offering counted for very little in the human scheme of things. Whether she had contributed or not would have been a matter of indifference to the keepers of the temple treasury. Her contribution, her life, didn’t figure in the calculations of the powerful.
How close the attitude of the leaders in Jerusalem comes to the attitudes of those who threw away human lives with reckless abandon. The individuals did not figure in the big scheme of things, their small contributions would have gone unnoticed. There can have been little sense of human dignity or worth amongst politicians or military leaders who would throw away hundreds of thousands of lives in pointless onslaughts.
Remembrance, if it is to be truly Christian, is to remember people as Christ saw them. Remembrance is to remember with a sense of their dignity, because, like each of us, they were created in the image of God. Remembrance is to remember with a sense of their worth, because, as he did for each one of us, Christ died for them.
Remembrance if it is to be truly Christian is about individuals because in God’s eyes we belong to no nation, to no army, to no regiment, to no-one’s side, in God’s eyes we stand before him as individuals, created in his image and loved by him.
We remember today those, who like the widow in the temple, gave all they had. Even when the last memory is gone, when the last memorial has crumbled, when there is no-one left to tell the story, God remembers. God remembers the Francises and he remembers the Franks, and he remembers those who brought both of them to die in the mud of Flanders, and all the other battlefields through the centuries
“She, out of her poverty, put in everything,” God remembers the individuals.