“My sheep hear my voice. I know them, and they follow me.” John 10:27
Four verbs used by Jesus in the Gospel reading can help thinking about the sheep and the shepherd.
“Belong” from Saint John Chapter 10 Verse 26; “hear” and “follow” from Verse 27; and “never perish” from Verse 28. Belong, hear, follow, never perish: four steps in faith.
Jesus is in the Temple in Jerusalem and he is surrounded his opponents. They are in a confrontational mood, Verse 24 says, “So the Jews gathered around him and said to him, ‘How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Messiah, tell us plainly.'”
They do not believe he is the Messiah, they are not going to believe he is the Messiah, what they want are words of Jesus that they might try to use against him.
Jesus answers them in blunt terms in Verses 25-26 “I have told you, and you do not believe. The works that I do in my Father’s name testify to me; but you do not believe, because you do not belong to my sheep.”
Jesus’ words, that they do not believe because they do not belong, say that it is the shepherd who calls his sheep, that it is God who calls his people.
In Saint John Chapter 6 Verse 44, Jesus tells the crowd, “No one can come to me unless drawn by the Father who sent me.” Saint John develops the idea in his own letters, in the First Letter of John Chapter 4 Verse 19, he writes, “We love because he first loved us.”
The sheep belong because the shepherd has chosen them, people belong because God has chosen them.
What does it say about faith, that to belong to God is possible because it is he who has called? Doesn’t it make it something challenging, disturbing even, the thought that it is God who has done the choosing? Shouldn’t it prompt much more serious thought about what it means to belong? To belong does not mean that one has joined, but that one has been called to be one of his people. What difference to thinking should that make?
Belong, the second verb is “hear” follow
Jesus says in Verse 27, “My sheep hear my voice.” If the sheep have been called by the shepherd, then they know the voice of the shepherd, the shepherd is familiar to them. Jesus’ followers must have spent many, many hours listening to his teaching, listening to his voice.
As sheep can tell between the voice of their own shepherd, so the people would have learned to know what teaching agreed with the teaching of Jesus and what teaching went against it. The first Christians had to learn that the voice of Jesus might still be heard in the words of Scripture, in the words of the people around them, and through the working of the Spirit.
Like the sheep hearing the voice of the shepherd, is the voice of Jesus speaking still heard? One cannot hear his voice as his friends did, but instead one has to learn to be like those members of the early church. One has to learn to listen for the voice of Jesus in the reading of the Bible, in the conversations with others, in the presence of the Holy Spirit. If his voice is not heard, then how well are people listening?
Belong, hear, the next step in faith is to follow.
Jesus continues, in Verse 27, “I know them, and they follow me.”
The people listening would have been familiar with the extraordinary ability of shepherds to know their own flock, they would have been familiar with the sight of the shepherd leading his flock. The sheep follow the shepherd because they know they belong to the flock, they hear the voice of the shepherd, and they know that the shepherd will care for them.
The people listening would have understood what it meant for a sheep to follow a shepherd, that the flock trusted the shepherd and they would have understood what Jesus was saying about his people, that they would follow him in trust.
Is Jesus still followed with that degree of trust? Sheep know the shepherd is reliable, otherwise they would not follow, is there such confidence in Jesus when people follow him?
Sheep are easily alarmed, sheep take worries seriously, sheep will easily go astray, but, given the opportunity, they will follow the shepherd. Among the present concerns, the present worries and the mistakes, is there a commitment to following the shepherd?
The sheep belong, the sheep hear, the sheep follow, and the sheep will never perish.
In Verse 28, Jesus says, “I give them eternal life, and they will never perish. No one will snatch them out of my hand.”
The opponents of Jesus would have been divided about the idea of eternal life. The Gospel accounts written by Matthew, Mark and Luke all mention that the Sadducees believed there was no resurrection. The Pharisees did believe in a resurrection and in the Acts of the Apostles Chapter 23 Verse 6, Saint Paul is able to divide the Sadducees and the Pharisees by saying, “I am on trial concerning the hope of the resurrection of the dead.”
Jesus’ listeners would have been familiar with the idea that there would have been a life in a world to some, but Jesus is the only one who says he offers that life and that those who accept it will never be taken from him.
Sheep may have perished in many ways, it took a very good shepherd to save them from all dangers. Jesus is saying he is such a shepherd, that no-one will ever take a member of his flock from him.
Is there still a confidence in the life to come? Is there a confidence that whatever happens, one will never perish because Jesus has brought eternal life?
Had sheep been able to understand that there were no dangers, wouldn’t they have lived very differently, lived without fear and anxiety and alarm? If there is eternal life, there are no dangers, for what danger can there be for someone who will never perish? Is life lived in the light of such knowledge, or is it lived as though there were no resurrection?
Belong, hear, follow and never perish: Jesus has called people, he has called people to listen, he has called people to follow, he has called people to be confident, for no-one can snatch someone he has chosen out of his hand.